What we are talking about here is the Federated States of Micronesia, because Micronesia itself is a much bigger region, with loads and loads of islands. Most of them small islands. The clue is in the name Micro-nesia from Greek mikros for ‘small’ and nesia, ‘island’.
There are four states in the Federated States – Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – and the country’s flag has four stars on it.
Generally speaking, our armed forces haven’t had that much to do with the area, but they have been there. HMS Rosario operated in the area in the 1870s, and in September 1878 Captain Dupuis and HMS Rosario turned up on Kosrae hunting for the notorious pirate Bully Hayes. In the Second World War, Chuuk Lagoon, or Truk Lagoon as it was then known to us, became a major Japanese naval base. The main Allied effort against Truk/Chuuk was conducted by the United States, but our forces were involved too. In June 1945, a British Pacific Fleet carrier task force bombarded Truk with naval gunfire and launched air raids against it.