Niger - Encyclopedia Information
Official name Republic of Niger
Formation 1960 / 1960
Population 15.9 million / 33 people per sq mile (13 people per sq km)
Total area 489,188 sq. miles (1,267,000 sq. km)
Languages Hausa, Djerma, Fulani, Tuareg, Teda, French*
Religions Muslim 99%, Other (including Christian) 1%
Ethnic mix Hausa 53%, Djerma and Songhai 21%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani 7%, Kanuri 6%, Other 2%
Government Presidential system
Currency CFA franc = 100 centimes
Literacy rate 30%
Calorie consumption 2306 kilocalories
Not a country we’ve had that much to do with militarily really.
In 1805 Mungo Park (see Mali) set off to explore the Niger River and what was left of his expedition passed through what is now Niger in a canoe that he had named the ‘HM Schooner Joliba’. Unfortunately for him, what was left of his expedition wasn’t left very much longer, because they all died further down the river.
During the First World War there was a major Touareg rebellion against French rule in Niger, allegedly encouraged by pro-German elements. About 1,000 Touareg warriors attacked the town of Zinder, in Niger, just north of the Nigerian border. In response, we sent troops from Nigeria to help the French suppress the rebellion.